Speech by the President Julius K. Nyerere to the National Assembly on Economy, 1965-1967

Speech by the President of the United Republic of Tanzania, Mwalimu Julius K. Nyerere, to the National Assembly: Monday, June 13th 1966 on Our Economy 1965-1967

This is the third year running in which I have addressed the National Assembly during its Budget session. In 1964 I introduced the Five-Year Development Plan for Tanganyika, and commended it for your attention. In 1965 I announced the forthcoming Dissolution of Parliament and, at the,same time, gave a brief survey of the nations' progress during the first months of the Development Plan.

This year I, shall be making no specific announcement about big changes,in policy but I am able to tell you that the draft Economic Development Plan for Zanzibar has now been received by the Zanzibar Government and the Union (government and is under consideration; It is also my intention today to give a general assessment of the advances we have made with the existing, Plan, and of the setbacks we' have experienced in certain fields. I have! chosen to do this now, despite the fact that we have hot yet completed the second year's work on the Plan because of the importance of the subjects you will be discussing in the coming weeks.

You will be considering Government's Budget proposals for the coming financial year in other words, you will be considering how much1 money should be taken out | of the pockets of your constituents and spent by Government, and in what manner any such money should be allocated…

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Uamuzi wa Busara

Yapo mambo fulani ambayo Kama yasingefanyika ni vigumu kujua historia ya nchi hij ingekuwaje leo hii. Mathalani, kama TANU ingekataa kushiriki katika Uchaguzi wa Kura tatu mwaka 1958, sijui tungekuwa wapi. Hali kadhalika kama Rais Mwalimu Julius K. Nyerere asingeamua kuacria kazi ya ualimu, historia ya ncbi yetu huenda ingekuwa tofauti na ilivyo hivi sasa.

Kupitistiwa kwa Azimio la Arusha, Kuukubali Mwongozo wa Chama, na mengineyo mengi yaliyomo humu Kitabunl ni mkusanyiko ambao Ofisi Kuu imeuita ,uamuzj wa Busara.
Hivyo Kitabu hiki ni cha maana sana kwa historia ya nchi yetu kwani bila Uamuzi uliomo humo Kilabuni. historia yetu isingekuwa kamili.

1. Uamuzi Wa Mwalimu Nyerere Kuacha Kazi Ya Ualimu.
2. Tanu Katika Umoja Wa Mataifa (UNO).
3. Kujiuzulu Kwa Mwalimu Nyerere Katika  Baraza La Kutunga  Sheria.
4. Uamuzi Wa Tanu Kukubali Uchaguzi  Wa Kura Tatu Katika Mkutano Mkuu Wa Tabora 1958.
5. Kujiuzulu Kwa Mwalimu Nyerere Katika Uwaziri Mkuu.
6. Kuundwa Kwa Utaratibu Wa Chama Kimoja.
7. Tanganyika Na Unguja Kukubali Kuungana.
8. Tanu Kukubali Azimio La Arusha.
9. Tanu Kukubali Kuupitisha Mwongozo Wa Tanu 1971.

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After the Pearce Commission

In considering the policies to be adopted after the publication of the Pearce Commission Report, it is vital to remember our objective in relation to Southern Rhodesia. That objective is now, as it has always been, the attainment of independence for Zimbabwe on the basis of majority rule, and under conditions which allow the development of human dignity for all citizens, and of equality between them all.

That is the goal for Tanzania, as for the people of Rhodesia themselves. Further, we would prefer and it is evident that they would prefer to attain this goal by peaceful means.

The prime responsibility in this struggle for self-determination for Zimbabwe rests with the people of that country. The role of Tanzania, as of other free African states, is to support the Zimbabwean people by whatever means are within our power, but never under any circumstances to try and control either their struggle or the decisions they make in relation to it. The question at issue is freedom for the people of Zimbabwe. It can only be won by them, and the shape It takes is for them to determine.

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Beatification inquiry for Tanzania’s Nyerere

The Diocese of Musoma, Tanzania, has opened a cause for the beatification of the country's former president, Julius Nyerere. A spokesman for the diocese says that the local investigation into Nyerere's life has authorization from the Vatican.

Nyerere, a devout Catholic who attended Mass daily throughout his public life and was known for fasting frequently, was a respected African leader for three decades. Already an influential figure in the British colony then known as Tanganyika, he became the country's first prime minister after independence in 1961, and was elected president the following year. He remained in that office until his retirement in 1985, and continued to chair the country's ruling party until withdrawing from political life in 1990. Nyerere died in London in 1999.

Although admired for his idealism and personal integrity, Nyerere left a mixed political legacy. He presided over a one-party state, with severe restraints on political opposition and persistent complaints of corruption among his subordinates. Having studied economics in the Fabian tradition at the University of Edinburgh, he adapted the socialist program to his own African country in a policy known as ujama, emphasizing collective farming. Later in life he acknowledged that his economic policies had been disastrous, and Tanzania remains a severely impoverished country.

Nyerere was a leader of pan-African initiatives. He was prominent among the leaders of the "front-line"…

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Julius Nyerere, Father of a Nation

In his heyday as president of Tanzania - which he ruled from 1961 to 1985 - Julius Nyerere, who has died from leukaemia aged 77, was lion- ised by the liberal left of the world for his impassioned advocacy of his style of African socialism, but mauled by his critics as a priggish autocrat, whose idealism failed to deliver prosperity to his people. To his credit, Nyerere stepped down peacefully and voluntarily, long before it became fashionable for Africa's self-appointed life presidents to subject themselves to the verdict of their peoples in multi-party elections.

In 1967 came Nyerere's Arusha Declaration, his policy on socialism and self-reliance. Its cornerstone was ujamaa, or familyhood, which was imposed on Tanzania in the following years. The aim was to collect people into villages or communes, where they would have better access to education and medical services. Nearly 10m peasants were moved and a substantial majority were forced to give up their land. But to most Tanzanians, the idea of collective farming was abhorrent. Many found themselves worse off; incentive and productivity declined, and ujamaa was effectively abandoned. It was a measure of Nyerere's international prestige that the failure of this fundamental policy at home in no way dented his global standing.

A man of austere and unostentatious personal habits, and instantly recognisable in his Mao tunic, Julius Nyerere was born at Butiama, on the eastern shore of Lake Victoria, into…

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