Resources News and Events
On April 26, 1964, The Father of Nation Mwalimu Julius Nyerere and the First Zanzibar's President Abeid Arnan Karume united Tanganyika and Zanzibar to form the United Republic of Tanzania. The Union was supported by what came to be known as the Articles of Union. Here is the original document of the articles as agreed by the founders of the two nations.
WHEREAS the Governments of the Republic of Tanganyika and of the Peoples' Republic of Zanzibar being mindful of the long association of the peoples of these lands and of their ties of kinship and amity, and being desirous of furthering that association and strengthening of these ties and of furthering the unity of African peoples have met and considered the union of the Republic of Tanganyika with the Peoples Republic of Zanzibar:
AND WHEREAS the Governments of the Republic of Tanganyika and of the Peoples' Republic of Zanzibar are desirous that the two Republics shall be united in one Sovereign Republic in accordance with the Articles hereinafter contained:-
It is therefore AGREED between the Governments of the Republic of Tanganyika and of the Peoples' Republic of Zanzibar as follows: -
(i) The Republic of Tanganyika and the Peoples' Republic of Zanzibar shall be united in one Sovereign Republic.
(ii) During the period from the commencement of the union until the Constituent Assembly provided for in Article (vii) shall have met and adopted a Constitution for the united…
Press Coverage from the Internet. By date. By newspaper. Julius Nyerere 1. 14 October 1999 6. ANC Statement On The Death Of Julius Kambarage "Mwalimu"
Celebrating Mwalimu Julius Nyerere's 11th death anniversary and recalling his policies and works is a delight to many Tanzanians who still cherish his leadership virtues.
Putting unfortunate personal prejudices and ignorance aside and taking the emancipation of the African seriously, Julius Nyerere, who died on October 14, 1999 in London, deserves the pedestal on which he has been placed by Tanzanians and Africa as a whole.‚
This does not mean that the country has never produced great men and women or that other historical personalities will not emerge.'There were heroes before the flamboyant Nyerere and more will and must emerge if we are to meet future challenges.‚
Forty seven years ago, John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the colourful 35th President of the United States, said it all: 'A nation reveals itself not only by the men it produces but also by the men it honors, the men it remembers.'
In honouring Nyerere, we therefore can pay honour to the deepest sources of our national strength. We should honour our heroes and as we do this, the unique contribution of Mwalimu Nyerere will be more appreciated.
The chief thing Nyerere gave to Tanzanians was himself. He went to State House a strong, virile, frank, honest, fearless man full of youth, full of faith in man and God, full of ideas.
As man Julius Nyerere made mistake, but did not surrender. He lived up to his ideals. He played an honest hand, and left many years…
The Diocese of Musoma, Tanzania, has opened a cause for the beatification of the country's former president, Julius Nyerere. A spokesman for the diocese says that the local investigation into Nyerere's life has authorization from the Vatican.
Nyerere, a devout Catholic who attended Mass daily throughout his public life and was known for fasting frequently, was a respected African leader for three decades. Already an influential figure in the British colony then known as Tanganyika, he became the country's first prime minister after independence in 1961, and was elected president the following year. He remained in that office until his retirement in 1985, and continued to chair the country's ruling party until withdrawing from political life in 1990. Nyerere died in London in 1999.
Although admired for his idealism and personal integrity, Nyerere left a mixed political legacy. He presided over a one-party state, with severe restraints on political opposition and persistent complaints of corruption among his subordinates. Having studied economics in the Fabian tradition at the University of Edinburgh, he adapted the socialist program to his own African country in a policy known as ujama, emphasizing collective farming. Later in life he acknowledged that his economic policies had been disastrous, and Tanzania remains a severely impoverished country.
Nyerere was a leader of pan-African initiatives. He was prominent among the leaders of the "front-line"…
In his heyday as president of Tanzania - which he ruled from 1961 to 1985 - Julius Nyerere, who has died from leukaemia aged 77, was lion- ised by the liberal left of the world for his impassioned advocacy of his style of African socialism, but mauled by his critics as a priggish autocrat, whose idealism failed to deliver prosperity to his people. To his credit, Nyerere stepped down peacefully and voluntarily, long before it became fashionable for Africa's self-appointed life presidents to subject themselves to the verdict of their peoples in multi-party elections.
In 1967 came Nyerere's Arusha Declaration, his policy on socialism and self-reliance. Its cornerstone was ujamaa, or familyhood, which was imposed on Tanzania in the following years. The aim was to collect people into villages or communes, where they would have better access to education and medical services. Nearly 10m peasants were moved and a substantial majority were forced to give up their land. But to most Tanzanians, the idea of collective farming was abhorrent. Many found themselves worse off; incentive and productivity declined, and ujamaa was effectively abandoned. It was a measure of Nyerere's international prestige that the failure of this fundamental policy at home in no way dented his global standing.
A man of austere and unostentatious personal habits, and instantly recognisable in his Mao tunic, Julius Nyerere was born at Butiama, on the eastern shore of Lake Victoria, into…