Nyerere’s legacy of poverty and repression in Zanzibar

By Ann Talbot - 15 November 2000

Opposition parties boycotted the rerun election in the East African archipelago of Zanzibar, after the previous attempt to hold elections on October 31 ended in chaos.

The government was forced to re-run the election in 16 of the islands' 50 constituencies after election observers reported that some polling stations did not open, that there were no election materials at others, ballot boxes were tampered with and some people voted more than once.

Foreign television crews filmed police beating supporters of the opposition Civic Union Front who protested. Reporters, including Ali Saleh from the BBC, were arrested. Another BBC reporter, Sulaiman Salim, went into hiding when he learned that the police were searching for him.

The Commonwealth Observers Group said that the election was a shambles and showed “colossal contempt for the Zanzibari people and their aspirations for democracy. "US State Department spokesman Richard Boucher said, "We are deeply concerned about the failure of the electoral process in Zanzibar." A European Union spokesman said that the government must find "a solution which is acceptable to all parties in Zanzibar."

Under such pressure the government was obliged to organise a re-run, but it rejected a demand from the Civic United Front, the main opposition party, that all 50 constituencies should be re-balloted.

In the week preceding the re-run on November…

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The Critical Phase in Tanzania: Nyerere and the Emergence of a Socialist Strategy

Author: Cranford Pratt
Paperback: 328 pages
Publisher: Cambridge University Press; 1 edition (May 7, 2009)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0521110726
ISBN-13: 978-0521110723
Dimensions: 8.9 x 6 x 0.9 inches

Book Description
This study of the forces and considerations that led to the emergence of a democratic and socialist strategy of development in Tanzania is therefore of wide relevance in Africa and the developing world.

'How can a country which is poor, with few socialists and without either a strong proletariat or a radicalised peasantry be led to a socialist transformation of its values and institutions?' In January 1967 Julius Nyerere, President of Tanzania, made this the central preoccupation of his government and of his party, the Tanganyika African National Union. The emergence of that socialist commitment provides the central focus for this study of political leadership in Tanzania. Many independent countries are in the 'critical phase' in which the aspirations of their peoples race ahead of their productive capabilities.

This study of the forces and considerations that led to the emergence of a democratic and socialist strategy of development in Tanzania is therefore of wide relevance elsewhere in Africa and the developing world.

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Political-Economic Issues in Tanzania: The Nyerere Years 1965-1985

Author: Meta K. Townsend
Hardcover 338 pages
Publisher: Edwin Mellen Press (July 1998)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0773442332
ISBN-13: 978-0773442337
Dimensions: 9.5 x 6.5 x 1 inches

Book Description
This text develops a version of the concept of "corporatism" to explain the state policies and directives aimed at increasing agricultural productivity and limiting local participation. It also examines interest group participation and influence at national and local levels.

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Nyerere of Tanzania

Author: William Edgett Smith
Paperback: 207 pages
Publisher: Zimbabwe Publishing House (1981)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0949932086
ISBN-13: 978-0949932082

One of Africa's most respected figures, Julius Nyerere (1922 - 1999) was a politician of principle and intelligence. Known as Mwalimu or teacher he had a vision of education and social action that was rich with possibility.

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Nyerere on Education / Nyerere kuhusu Elimu

Editor: Elieshi Lema
Paperback: 184 pages
Publisher: E & D Ltd.; Bilingual edition (January 1, 1993)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 9987894356
ISBN-13: 978-9987894352
Dimensions: 8 x 6.4 x 0.4 inches

Book Description:
The collection includes Nyerere's ground-breaking policy paper 'Education for Self-Reliance', which remains a key reference work on progressive and transformative education in a postcolonial context. Other papers discuss the ethical basis for expanding tertiary level education in a developing country where primary education is not yet established, as well as the education needs and rights of school-aged children.

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Tanzania under Mwalimu Nyerere: Reflections on an African Statesman

Author: Godfrey Mwakikagile
Paperback: 220 pages
Publisher: New Africa Press (November 28, 2006)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0980253497
ISBN-13: 978-0980253498
Dimensions: 8.8 x 5.9 x 0.7 inches

Book Description:
Nyerere's economic policies, his successes and failures in pursuit of economic development under socialism, are some of the subjects addressed by Godfrey Mwakikagile in this book.

A Tanzanian himself, he also looks at how life was under Nyerere since the sixties.
The work is also a critical examination of the political situation in Tanzania since independence when the country was known as Tanganyika before uniting with Zanzibar.

The author also looks at the transition that has taken place in Tanzania from one-party rule to multiparty democracy, and from socialism to capitalism since the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War.

He also takes a critical look at globalisation and the negative impact of structural adjustment programmes in Tanzania and Africa as a whole.
The work is also a study of Tanzania's history since the advent of colonial rule and of the struggle for independence in one of Africa's largest countries in terms of area and population.

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Julius K. Nyerere: Teacher of Africa

Author: Shirley Graham Du Bois
Hardcover: 191 pages
Publisher: Julian Messner (1975)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 067132716X
ISBN-13: 978-0671327163

Book Description:
A biography of the African nationalist who led Tanganyika to independence, united that country with Zanzibar, and became the first president of Tanzania.

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